Histroy of APSCO
In the year 1992, the Asia-Pacific Workshop on Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applications (AP-MCSTA) was held in Beijing. The participants from 16 Asia-Pacific countries unanimously agreed on promoting the multilateral cooperation in space technology and its applications in Asia-Pacific Region, and establishing consequently the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO). From 1992 to 2003, seven conferences had been organized in Asia-Pacific countries, such as Thailand, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Bahrain, Iran and China.
In the year 2001, the Secretariat of AP-MCSTA was formally established in Beijing according to the recommendations of the Sixth Conference of AP-MCSTA. The mandate of the Secretariat was to facilitate programs of multilateral space cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region and to promote the institutionalization of AP-MCSTA. From 2001 to 2004, several meetings were held in Beijing which were attended by official delegations from nine Asia-Pacific countries to draft the Convention of APSCO. The draft of the Convention was finalized in November 2003, and was delivered to those countries, which participated in the negotiations of the drafting, for their signatures in 2004.
Signing of APSCO Convention
The Signing Ceremony of the Convention of APSCO was held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China on 28 October 2005. Representatives from eight Governments signed the Convention, namely Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan, Peru and Thailand. The representatives from Russia, Ukraine, Philippines, Chile and Brazil attended the Ceremony. Chinese Vice-Premier Huang Ju met the representatives of all delegations and witnessed the signing.
Shortly after the signing of the APSCO Convention by eight countries, the Republic of Turkey signed the Convention on 1 June 2006 in Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, China. H.E. Mr. Oktay Ozuye, the Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey to China signed the Convention on behalf of his Government. From that on, Turkey became the ninth Signatory Country of APSCO Convention. During Turkey’s Signing Ceremony, the representatives from Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan, Peru and Thailand, as well as the delegates from Malaysia, Argentina and Ukraine presented the event. Dr. Sun Laiyan, Administrator of CNSA, attended the Ceremony and met with all participating representatives.
Regarding to the APSCO Convention, the Secretariat of APSCO will be the executive organ of the Organization. The Secretariat shall consist of the Secretary-General and Secretariat staff members. The Secretary-General will be the chief executive officer of the Organization and its legal representative. He or She will have full authority to run the Secretariat of the Organization.
The Council shall appoint a Secretary-General for a period of five years, and may extend his or her appointment for another term of five years. The Council may, by a three-fourths majority vote of the Member States attending the Council meeting, terminate his or her appointment during his or her tenure in office.
The Secretary-General shall participate in the meetings of the Council without the right to vote.
Currently, the Secretariat of APSCO consists of four Departments, namely the Department of External Relations and Legal Affairs, the Department of Strategic Planning and Program Management, the Department of Education and Training and Database Management, and the Department of Administration and Finance.
APSCO Development Strategy Forum
In the year 2015, the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) and China National Space Administration (CNSA) jointly organized Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) Development Strategy Forum with the theme of “The Belt and Road Initiative for facilitating space capabilities building of the Asia Pacific countries” based on the visionary objectives of the Member States for exploitation of space and strengthening regional cooperation for its peaceful uses. The Forum was participated by National Space Administrators and representatives, Ambassadors/Diplomats from APSCO Member States, and Indonesia, Chile, Mexico, Sri Lanka. The Forum adopted the 2015 Beijing Declaration.